You need Hardware and Software to come up with Bioware. I just came up with this word to describe all Tech that either was developed by nature or will be developed by Synthetic Biology.
DNA barcoding is a method that uses a short genetic marker in an organism's DNA to identify it as belonging to a particular species. Applications include, for example, identifying plant leaves even when flowers or fruit are not available, identifying insect larvae (which may have fewer diagnostic characters than adults and are frequently less well-known), identifying the diet of an animal, based on its stomach contents or faeces and identifying products in commerce (for example, herbal supplemen
A cell structure was found that has the same function as a regular eye, containing a cornea, lens and a retina. These structures were build from the organelles, that usually occur in a cell. These eukaryotes use the eye to find their glowing food. DNA sequencing revealed how this mechanism works, as it was too complicated to observe it at this scale in nature.
The is the first time anyone has produced a eukaryotic chromosome -- the kind that’s found in all animals and plants. In contrast, scientists have already assembled prokaryotic (bacteria) genomes. Craig Venter’s team http://www.nature.com/news/2010/100520/full/news.2010.253.html famously synthesized the genome of a bacterial parasite in 2010 -- although that genome is orders of magnitude smaller than that of yeast, and it was more or less copied from the original genome (and not designer).
Altering an organism almost always reduces its ability to survive and reproduce in the ancestral habitat, thus engineered traits seldom if ever spread in the wild. Genedrives make use of Crispr technology and override the mendelian laws https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mendelian_inheritance of inheritance and by this enable synthetic gene drives to alter wild populations. A single released organism could eventually alter the entire population.
Interesting insight on how DNA decoding works in a cell and how the cell makes sure that if something fails that stuff gets destroyed.
Quorum sensing is a system of stimulae and response correlated to population density. Many species of bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate gene expression according to the density of their local population. Bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate certain behaviors such as biofilm formation, virulence, and antibiotic resistance. In similar fashion, some social insects use quorum sensing to determine where to nest.