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Bioware - Synthetic Organisms

You need Hardware and Software to come up with Bioware. I just came up with this word to describe all Tech that either was developed by nature or will be developed by Synthetic Biology. 

 

DNA Barcoding

DNA barcoding is a method that uses a short genetic marker in an organism's DNA to identify it as belonging to a particular species. Applications include, for example, identifying plant leaves even when flowers or fruit are not available, identifying insect larvae (which may have fewer diagnostic characters than adults and are frequently less well-known), identifying the diet of an animal, based on its stomach contents or faeces and identifying products in commerce (for example, herbal supplemen

Eye-like structures in single-celled organisms

A cell structure was found that has the same function as a regular eye, containing a cornea, lens and a retina. These structures were build from the organelles, that usually occur in a cell. These eukaryotes use the eye to find their glowing food. DNA sequencing revealed how this mechanism works, as it was too complicated to observe it at this scale in nature.

Functional Designer Yeast Chromosome Synthesized

The is the first time anyone has produced a eukaryotic chromosome -- the kind that’s found in all animals and plants. In contrast, scientists have already assembled prokaryotic (bacteria) genomes. Craig Venter’s team http://www.nature.com/news/2010/100520/full/news.2010.253.html famously synthesized the genome of a bacterial parasite in 2010 -- although that genome is orders of magnitude smaller than that of yeast, and it was more or less copied from the original genome (and not designer). 

Gene drives for population engineering

Altering an organism almost always reduces its ability to survive and reproduce in the ancestral habitat, thus engineered traits seldom if ever spread in the wild. Genedrives make use of Crispr technology and override the mendelian laws https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mendelian_inheritance of inheritance and by this enable synthetic gene drives to alter wild populations. A single released organism could eventually alter the entire population.

Protein That Can Edit Other Proteins Without DNA Blueprint Discovered

Interesting insight on how DNA decoding works in a cell and how the cell makes sure that if something fails that stuff gets destroyed.

Quorum Sensing - Bacteria's communication network

Quorum sensing is a system of stimulae and response correlated to population density. Many species of bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate gene expression according to the density of their local population. Bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate certain behaviors such as biofilm formation, virulence, and antibiotic resistance. In similar fashion, some social insects use quorum sensing to determine where to nest. 

What do you think?

1 Comment

  1. I think this page needs some work.

    Bioware should be "wetware", which is a term widely used. There are also a lot of wetware applications on here which are "applications" as opposed to products. This page needs a lot of work I'd say.

About the author

View full profile Jérôme Lutz from Berlin & Munich, Germany

I like to share the great things I discover daily while researching and working in the field of Synthetic Biology.

When I talk to people about it, they often refer to Science Fiction. However, when I send them links to this wiki and they read through those pages, they start understanding that this is real and it's happening right now.

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