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The cooperation between Amyris and Total explained © 2015 Amyris
Amyris has partnered with Total to develop an alternative to jet fuel. In 2012, Amyris succeeded in demonstrating renewable fuel by using yeast as microbial factories to produce hydrocarbons. To produce the targeted molecule, farnesene, Amyris and Total is working on optimizing their first sugar conversion processes. The yeast can keep producing farnesene for about a 15 day period. The farnesene is hydrogenated in a factory to produce farnasane. The fuel needs to have 21 properties, including resisting low temperature. The next generation biofuels is looking at sourcing sugar from non-food materials, like soil or waste. Today, it is still using sugar that can be also used in the food industry.


The renewable Diesel is a pure hydrocarbon, produced from plant sugars. It's properties are superior to those of petroleum-sourced diesel, allowing it to be used as a drop-in replacement in practically any diesel engine today.


In 2012, Amyris demonstrated the renewable fuel in flight when a GE-powered Embraer jet operated by Azul Airlines flew in Brazil. In 2013 at the Paris Air Showan Airbus A321 flew with bio jetfuel. In  2014, Amyris received industry acceptance and regulatory approval for our renewable jet fuel in key U.S., European and Brazilian markets. They are currently selling the renewable jet fuel to airlines globally.
© Text 2015 Amyris 

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About the authors

View full profile Lena Asai from London & Tokyo

I study Design (BA) at Goldsmiths, University of London. I am a member of London Biohackspace, the UK’s first community lab, and is interested in exploring the relationship between art, design, and synthetic biology. I am participating in iGEM 2015 in the
Community Labs Track representing London Biohackspace. My team is developing a library of yeast strains for beer brewers. Feel free to drop me a message!

View full profile Jérôme Lutz from Berlin & Munich, Germany

I like to share the great things I discover daily while researching and working in the field of Synthetic Biology.

When I talk to people about it, they often refer to Science Fiction. However, when I send them links to this wiki and they read through those pages, they start understanding that this is real and it's happening right now.