Industrial use of Synthetic Biology will produce new means for synthesizing existing or completely new chemicals. One day, there might be no more need for huge chemical facilities, instead bio reactors containing tailor made synthetic cells will be capable of producing the end product in one step.
Algae naturally contains oil which can be refined to fuel. As it has plenty of advantages in growing, maintaining and harvesting, it is a very promising source of future fuel supply. Since natural algae strains are not capable of competing with the current oil prices, synthetic biologists hope to solve those issues in the future.
Bioplastics are plastics derived from renewable biomass sources, such as vegetable fats and oils, corn starch, or microbiota. Bioplastic can be made from agricultural by-products and also from used plastic bottles and other containers using microorganisms. In contrat, common plastics are fossil-fuel plastics (also called petrobased polymers), which are derived from petroleum or natural gas.
bioMASON employs natural microorganisms and chemical processes to manufacture biological cement-based masonry building materials.
Amyris has partnered with Total to develop an alternative to jet fuel. In 2012, Amyris succeeded in demonstrating renewable fuel by using yeast as microbial factories to produce hydrocarbons. To produce the targeted molecule, farnesene, Amyris and Total is working on optimizing their first sugar conversion processes.
This research resulted in a 500-fold increase in the amount of hydrogen produced in the bacterium used, thus potentially bringing biological production of this clean fuel source one step closer to economic feasibility. They focused their attention on one possible -- yet problematic -- biological production method involving an enzyme known as hydrogenase.
Pili created biological ink using bioproduction from soil bacteria. Their dyes are not only for use in pens and inks, but fabrics. Currently the team is researching to expand the color palette for the ink.
Researchers from Delft Technical University in the Netherlands have developed concrete that can heal itself using special bacteria.
Silk leaf is basically a minimalistic leaf that photosynthesizes, thus absorbs CO² and produces oxygen. It is mostly composed by silk protein and chloroplasts. It was developed by the Artist Julian Melchiorri http://www.julianmelchiorri.com/ in London.
Bolt threads can now produce large quantities of silk for commercial applications from genetically engineered yeast. This could change the clothing industry, as well as provide new biomaterials for construction and biomedical applications. It turns out that yeast fermentation can yield a much larger amount of the material as opposed to harvesting from the wild.
Living Ink is about to produce Ink that disappears a few minutes after paining with it - and then comes back either 3 days or a week later, depending which pen you use. You can write a letter or a picture that changes over time.