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At the most sci-fi end of synthetic biology is the idea of synthetic life – entirely novel organisms produced from scratch using molecular building blocks.

 This reminds me of a widely circulated statement (may be an apocryphal) by R.B. Woodward who received  the Nobel Prize (1965) for the organic synthesis. In response to a question:  "Will you next synthesize life". He replied: "I am quite happy with the way it is  presently done".

But in the year 2010 Craig Venter and his team made the breakthrough.

By manipulating the ‘instructions’ for life, synthetic biology is a field which allows us to probe into ideas about how life originated and what its minimal components are. Whilst entirely synthetic organisms or cells produced from scratch are yet to be produced, scientists have produced organisms with entirely synthetic genomes i.e. carrying genetic material that has been produced entirely synthetically. 

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